What do we do and how much does it cost?


Members of PalaeoWorks have a wide range of expertise in Archaeobotanical and Palaeoecological research in the Asia-Pacific, Australian, European and South American regions.
    For expertise refer to , and

Our services range across all phases of research project development from initial planning advice (Phase 1), assessment of the potential for archaeobotanical or palaeoecological analysis at your site (Phase 2), to detailed analysis and report writing (Phase 3).

For example: You suspect your site may contain significant remains of seeds and phytoliths. We can advise on sampling strategy (Phase 1) or help collect material. When we have the samples we can process small sub-samples rapidly to assess potential and make recommendations for detailed analysis (Phase 2). We can then tailor detailed analysis to clients needs, based in solid and well-founded methodologies (Phase 3).

Our commercial rates for analyses carried out by the group are as follows (please note, these prices are quoted exclusive of GST. GST of 10% will be added on for customers located in Australia).

   Initial Planning

    Preliminary assessment1

   Detailed Analysis
Archaeobotanical analysis2
Palaeoecological analysis
         - sediment analysis3
      - pollen preparation
 - pollen counting
          - micro-charcoal counting
           - macro-charcoal counting
                - report writing4
AUD$150.00/hr for first 4 hours,
AUD$100.00/hr thereafter
*minimum 0.5 per diem rate applies
  1. Includes short field visits, preliminary assessment archaeobotanical or palaeoecological (e.g. pollen, charcoal, phytoliths and diatoms) samples and report on recommendations for further work (usually 1-2 days only).
  2.  Includes detailed analysis identification, documentation of plant specimens of macrobotanical samples (seeds, fruits, wood etc) and report writing.
  3. Includes water content, loss on ignition, magnetic susceptibility and macro-charcoal count.
  4. Includes illustration and numerical analysis of pollen data, description of pollen zones, possible interpretation and photographs (can be from 2-3hr to 2-3 days). Additional fossil morphological analysis, such as size classing, will be done at this hourly rate.

We can also do detailed Phase 3 Phytolith and Diatom Analysis when required (availability and price on application).

View a published report resulting from an archaeological survey of early European settlement in Sydney [500Kb]

Contact information

Tel: +61 (0)2 6125 3373
Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 4917

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